Ovulation induction refers to ovulation or the ripening and release of the egg induced by means of hormonal treatment. Hormones can be administered in the form of tablets or subcutaneous injections. The progress of the treatment is monitored in ultrasound examinations few days and by means of hormone blood tests if necessary. The goal is to ripen 1–2 follicles.
This type of treatment is needed if the woman’s menstrual cycle is abnormal or absent. If the woman’s menstrual cycle is ovulatory, hormonal treatment can be used to support the development of the follicle and the release of the egg.
Insemination (Intra Uterine Insemination, IUI) is a procedure in which the best motile sperm separated from the semen sample are placed in the woman’s uterine cavity by means of a thin catheter at the time of ovulation. Insemination can be carried out according to the woman’s natural menstrual cycle or hormone-timed ovulation. Insemination is often the first fertility treatment used in the event of infertility due to the male or infertility due to unknown origin.